Can you help me understand this English question?

see the attachment and my state is USA California, san Francisco.

If you have any question please let me know.

From the syllabus:You will be required to write a research paper – minimum 2,000 words not including works cited, appendices and headings – addressing a local domestic policy issue of your choice. You will posit a public problem, identify its cause, justify that it is a problem (including the scope, magnitude and trend ot the problem), research this issue, and describe and critically evaluate both the current policy and at least one possible policy change that you will propose. Finally, you will make a recommendation as to the most effective course of action moving forward. This paper will be an extension of your earlier problem statement and can use the language from the problem statement as the opening paragraphs to this final assignment. In your paper, you will be required to use at least 10 government reports or peer-reviewed academic journal articles as sources. The grade for this assignment will be determined by the extent to which the students has outlined a clear, actionable and local problem, delineated the scope, magnitude and trend of the problem, be the outlining and systematic comparison of proposed policy alternatives and by the quality of the research cited.Thus the paper can be broken down into three components:1) The problem statement (25 points)Here, you outline a policy problem, its cause and justify that the problem should be a policy priority by outlining the scope, magnitude and trend of the problem. In short, this section is just the problem statement you’ve already submitted. Thus, if you got full or nearly full credit on your original problem statement, you can just copy and paste it straight into the final paper (with my recommended revisions) and you’re good to go! If you did not get the grade you were hoping for, this is an opportunity to write a second draft.2) The policy alternatives and critical evaluations section (30 points)Once you’ve outlined the problem, here you will outline at least two (or for full credit, three) potential solutions. What we are currently doing about this problem is called the status quo policy, that’s always policy alternative #1. You will then develop a second policy alternative (preferably from you’re your research of ideas that have been floated or are implemented elsewhere) and compare the substantive, economic and political pros and cons of that policy (alternative #2) to the substantive, economic and political pros and cons of the status quo—all backed by suitable evidence. To receive full credit, you will have to include an analysis of a third policy alternative as well.3) The final recommendation (5 points)The final paragraph should be your recommendation as to which policy we should pursue. Explain your logic based on the evidence presented in the previous section.

The rest of the points for your paper will come from the organization, professionalism, grammar and style of your language (20 points) and the quality of supporting research provided (20 points).The rubric provides a much more detailed survey of how your paper will be evaluated. This problem statement must be backed up with no fewer than ten academic sources (journal articles, books from academic presses and FULL government reports – almost always more than 100 pages in pdf format). You may use other sources like newspaper articles, government FAQ pages, from the internet but these sources must be used in a supplementary role and will not count toward your five source minimum.Common Issues:Not including in-text citationsNot including a works citedFailing to put quotation marks around direct quotesNot stating why your problem is occurringNot actually justifying that there is a problemStating the problem in such a way that it already assumes the solution (“The state of California lacks sufficient funding for Planned Parenthood.”)Not proofreadingInsufficient high-quality researchTrying to frame the problem in a very broad way (writing about crime, or homelessness or some other huge issue without focusing on a specific cause).FAQWhat do you mean by framing a problem too broadly? What is too big?This is a problem that is generally solved by students actually doing some high-quality academic reading before they decide their problem. For example, I get tons of papers where a student talks about how homelessness is a big problem in California and then they write three paragraphs about how expensive housing is. That makes sense right? Well, sort of. If when they talk about homelessness they’re talking about people who live outdoors, who beg for money, who live in tent cities under highway overpasses, that’s only one specific kind of homelessness, and it’s not caused by high housing prices. People like that who are homeless usually have an untreated mental illness and/or drug addiction. Even if housing was quite cheap, it likely wouldn’t be of much help to that population. Cheaper housing would be a big help to the working homeless—the larger but far less visible group of people who go to work everyday, who are temporarily homeless, living out of their cars or in RVs, couch-surfing, etc. They cause of their homelessness is high housing prices. They’re functional members of society. They work. They simply can’t afford rent. Thus, both of those issues are called “homelessness” but they are really very different problems with very different causes and should not both be the subject of the same paper. If you want to write about people who experience persistent, outdoor homelessness, you’re writing a paper about mental health. If you want to write a paper about housing insecurity

among the working poor, you’re writing a paper about high housing costs. Similarly, “crime,” “graduation rates,” “the environment,” and other broadly defined issues almost always lead to poor papers. I strongly recommend you take a look at the examples and, most especially, do some reading before you commit to a specific problem statement. Do not think of a problem statement off the top of your head.There isn’t research on my specific problem in the specific area I want to discuss it. Can I still do it?Yes. In fact, this will almost always be the case. If you want to talk about an issue in, say, Oakland, most policy issues have not been studied in Oakland specifically. However, they may have been studied in other cities, at the state level or at the national level. It’s your job to translate the insights from one area to the country to another.Can I use the problem statement as the basis for my final paper?Yes, you can and you should. This is extra incentive for you to put some hard work into your problem statement since, if it’s written in a high quality manner, then you’ve already got the first few pages of your final paper written. Think of it as a first draft of the first 1/3 of your final paper.

 

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