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Respond by Day 5 to two colleagues in the following way:

  • Explain whether you agree that these are important characteristics of the logic behind the program.
  • Explain what other considerations might be important.

The logic model or logical framework has become ubiquitous in the development sector. There is hardly any programme of note being implemented without one form of logical framework or the other. The framework is widely adopted as a tool for measuring and explaining how change will happen. McDavid, Huse & Hawthorn (2019), noted that “logic models are an almost-indispensable aid in designing, operating, and evaluating programs and policies”. McDavid et al, further defined logic models as “graphic representations of the structure of programs; they simplify and illustrate the intended cause-and-effect linkages connecting resources, activities, outputs, and outcomes”. It is difficult to come to any meaningful contribution on the success of the Alcoholic Anonymous Programme (AA), due to the lack of empirical evidence that can clearly attribute the success to anyone part of the programme. The programme was founded on intuition and faith in a higher being (Koerner, 2010). It will be wrong to say that the programme has not had positive impact on its members, there are testimonies that point to the efficacy of the programme in setting its members on the right track. There is evidence that nothing comes close to it in its ability to help alcoholics recover. Koerner’s (2010) statement that, “What we do know, however, is that despite all we’ve learned over the past few decades about psychology, neurology, and human behavior, contemporary medicine has yet to devise anything that works markedly better” is a pointer to its effectiveness. AA has been successful in a non-scientific way; the same way I suppose that religion provides succor or hope for the down trodden. Karl Marx once said that religion is the opium of the masses. It is possible that the group effect so very well articulate in Koerner’s (2010) article has the same effect on sustaining religious enthusiasm in regular church goers as it does with regular members of AA. Note that there is evidence that regular attendees and those who become actively involved in the movement rather than the programme are more likely to succeed than those who are forced or chanced on the programme (Koerner, 2010).

On the other hand, attributing all of the success to the AA programme is a challenge due to the difficulty of studying the programme. The nature of the programme especially its insistence on anonymity makes it difficult to study according to Koerner’s (2010). The programme has no known mechanism or system of evaluating itself. It does not have a logic model that portrays the link between inputs, activities, outputs and programmes McDavid, Huse & Hawthorn (2019). However, the programme logic seems to include a goal to provide alcoholics an enabling environment where they can pursue their recovery process without pressure or judgement. The programme provides a space where members can meet without any cost to the members, providing facilitators of meetings who themselves are going through the same struggle; the activities include attending meetings every day, members are encourage to share their stories, accept help, identifying those who have been hurt along the way and seeking to make amends, continuous self-evaluation and acknowledgement of mistakes, helping other alcoholics as sponsors among others. All of these activities are voluntary and are not tracked in a systematic way. The immediate output is a confidence that members have that they are not alone in their struggle and a replacement activity for hanging around people who continue to consume alcohol. The outcome expected to be achieved is a complete abstinence from alcohol, which will in turn have long term positive effects on the members’ quality of life and wellbeing.

Reference

McDavid, J. C., Huse, I., & Hawthorn, L. R. L. (2019). Program evaluation and performance measurement: An introduction to practice (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Koerner, B. I. (2010). Secret of AA: After 75 years, we don’t know how it works. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff_alcoholics_anonymo…

 

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