Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George
The practice of health care providers at all levels brings you into contact with people from a variety of faiths. This calls for knowledge and acceptance of a diversity of faith expressions.
The purpose of this paper is to complete a comparative ethical analysis of George’s situation and decision from the perspective of two worldviews or religions: Christianity and a second religion of your choosing. For the second faith, choose a faith that is unfamiliar to you. Examples of faiths to choose from include Sikh, Baha’i, Buddhism, Shintoism, etc. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George
In your comparative analysis, address all of the worldview questions in detail for Christianity and your selected faith. Refer to Chapter 2 of Called to Care for the list of questions. Once you have outlined the worldview of each religion, begin your ethical analysis from each perspective. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George.
In a minimum of 1,500-2,000 words, provide an ethical analysis based upon the different belief systems, reinforcing major themes with insights gained from your research, and answering the following questions based on the research:
How would each religion interpret the nature of George’s malady and suffering? Is there a “why” to his disease and suffering? (i.e., is there a reason for why George is ill, beyond the reality of physical malady?). PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George
In George’s analysis of his own life, how would each religion think about the value of his life as a person, and value of his life with ALS?
What sorts of values and considerations would each religion focus on in deliberating about whether or not George should opt for euthanasia? PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George.
Given the above, what options would be morally justified under each religion for George and why?
Finally, present and defend your own view.
Support your position by referencing at least three academic resources (preferably from the GCU Library) in addition to the course readings, lectures, the Bible, and the textbooks for each religion. Each religion must have a primary source included. A total of six references are required according to the specifications listed above. Incorporate the research into your writing in an appropriate, scholarly manner. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George.
You are required to submit this Case Study on Death and Dying assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George
Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George Abstract
In this Case Study (2015), a gentleman in his fifties that has been diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). His name is George, who lives in Oregon and is currently an attorney. He plays an active role in his son’s sport of basketball and teaches at a university. Once George understands with what he was diagnosed with, he is aware that this disease will continue to progress. Also, knowing the life expectancy for this disease can be from three to five years, but can be more than 10 years. George understands that medication could only slow down the progression of this disease and there is no cure.
Case Study on Death and Dying
Spirituality can be defined in many different ways, depending how this relates to each individuals worldviews. This can be a person’s beliefs or feelings about meaning to life and their purpose to use in providing quality care. As a healthcare professional, providing compassionate care to each patient, family member or caregiver, as well as their physical, emotional and spirituality despite how one perceives worldviews.
According to Puchalski (2001), spirituality can have a strong influence to decrease mortality and increase an individual coping skills as well as recovery time. Also, spirituality can be associated by coexisting within a society and have many different beliefs that maintains different interpretations, which is known as pluralism religion (Basinger, 2015). This is more for the common good under different theories and explanations. In addition, this paper will discuss George’s ethical analysis and the comparison of two worldviews principles on religion.
Worldviews on Christian and Buddhism
As a Christian, prime reality is that God does exist, but there is also good and evil in this world. When a situation becomes difficult to understand or face, one will pray for strength, guidance and entrust one’s own belief in God’s hands. God is everywhere and one is never alone because the presents of God surrounds each individual. God is the eternal being that has the capability to preserve all things. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George. When comparing Buddhism, they do not believe that there is external God (Pope, 2007). Also, Buddhism believes that God did not create the universe and that all exists by spontaneous.
Christian’s views the world as the creation of God and even though there may be individuals that may disagree, at the end it is what one belief and understanding (Shelly & Miller, 2006). God does not close the doors on those in need, but helps open them to those who are willing to accept God into their lives. Buddhism believes that things grow from the ground, if planted and things happen when given a cause as well as a condition. In addition, for the Buddhist it is to reach a state of Nirvana as the essence of their goal (Pope, 2007).
A human being is a creation from God and is more complex than what some individuals may believe in. Each human being is created differently; each mind is unique and has their way of thinking. As a human, one must not take life for granted, be able to care for the body and spiritual need as God has intended. In Buddhism is believed that everything is always changing and nothing stays the same, which is referred to Anicca (Brannigan, 2004). In addition, people wonder what happens when one passes away. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George.
When Jesus died and he was resurrected on the third day, it is believed that life does not end, but continues on in another life. The spirit does not die, just the body that God lends an individual. The choices one makes while alive may affect their outcome in were their spirit may go. A Buddhist belief is that the transformation will occur when they confront their own demons by means of meditation practice (Pope, 2007). Buddhist refers to Anatta, which one has no soul and includes that everything that is associated with having feelings, sensations, thoughts and conscious in being human. Their goal is to reach a state of Nirvana which is considered to be the awakening or Enlightened. Therefore, the possibility for a person to know anything at all when it comes to life.
One thing is that when God created each individual, God intended them to follow his way and not the manly way. Also, when an individual attends church and actually reads the bible, then that individual will obtain the knowledge and the teaching from God. Not only does God teach an individual from good and evil, but also to make the right decision in life. For Buddhist, they ultimately express that all things are interconnected by cause and effect of all things. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George.
People can learn from right or wrong by their parents, teachers, family, their actions, and when attending church. God did not intend for an individual to be perfect; life is full of challenges and trials that are faced on a daily basis. Each individual will learn from their mistakes and attempt to not make that same mistake again. In Buddhism, when an individual lives a life in hostility to that process, they develop bad karma that can affect their quest for enlightenment. On the other hand, if one lives in peace and harmony to that process, they build up good karma that gets them closer to Nirvana (Pope, 2007).
The meaning of human history is that God has a plan for each individual and not to become discourage when faced with difficult situations. The choices an individual makes or decides can affect the outcome. Not to judge others, but to possibly guide them in the direction when they need help or just need someone to listen to them. Also, God forgives those who have done wrong in their life, when they ask. In Buddhism, the main purpose of life is to end suffering by using the Four Noble Truths, which consist of one decision making and desires as well as using the moral principles of the Eightfold path (Pope, 2007). PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George. In addition, include taking into consideration of the four principles of principlism when it comes to the George’s analysis to his health.
The Four Principles
The four principles of principlism in George’s analysis when it pertains to his health concerns and through a religious perspective include the following: respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficience, and justice (Lecture 5, 2015). Both religions will respect the patient with dignity. When it comes to the concerns and spirituality belief of George, they both would respect his decision to an extent. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George. Also, when faced with the decision of voluntary euthanasia, both are against it.
When it comes to nonmaleficence, both religions are not to cause harm to anyone. When it comes to medication and treatment, one religion may assume the doctor is causing harm even though the doctor is attempting to lessen his pain. For beneficience, the medical professional must respect and be supportive to the patient as well as maintain his religion balance. For justice, it would not allow for George to go through with euthanasia, since neither religion agrees with that decision of taking their life before it is time to die.
George was recently diagnosed with ALS, a disease that has no cure and will continue to deteriorate his nerve cells in his body. He would no longer be able to participate in his family’s activities. When looked upon through a Christian, George will cause him to look for guidance that has caused his Shalom to be unbalance. As a Buddhist, the value of his life would be that he has no soul. That being in this universe is considered as part of the suffering. Therefore, George looks at other options because he does not want to suffer.
He considers euthanasia, which is unacceptable in both religions. In a Christian perspective, this would be considered as murdering yourself before God has indented for you to die. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George. When looked upon through Buddhism, this is considered bad karma, since George is trying to kill himself. Since both religions look upon life as to not to do harm to self or others by means of Shalom or mediation is important to have balance.
This author personal viewpoint is through a Christian perspective. George is faced with an illness that has no cure and medications to only help so the progression of the disease. God did not want us to suffer and see our love ones watch one die a cruel death. Everyone has to think before one makes a drastic decision and fear plays a major part. Euthanasia is the same as committing suicide, just looked upon as someone helping to do the process. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George.
The decision that George could make may affect him and his family for the rest of their life. One’s own spirituality care can help George face his illness. Also, as a Christian, the spiritual worldview is that not to cause harm to self or to others. To respect his body with dignity and for the health care professionals to assess the patients and families needs. Respect the patients belief and religion as well as built trust with them.
Basinger, D. (2015). Religious diversity (pluralism). Retrieved from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Pluralism
Brannigan, M. C. (2004). Ethics Across Cultures with PowerWeb: Ethics.
Case Study. (2015). PHI-413V: Ethical and Spiritual Decision Making in Health Care. Phoenix, AZ: Grand Canyon University.
Lecture 5. (2015). PHI-413V: Ethical and Spiritual Decision Making in Health Care. Phoenix, AZ: Grand Canyon University.
Pope, A. (2007). “Is there a difference?” Iconic Images of Suffering in Buddhism and Christianity. Janus Head, 10(1), 247-260.
Puchalski, C. M. (2001, October). The role of spirituality in health care. In Baylor University Medical Center. Proceedings (Vol. 14, No 4, p. 352). Baylor University Medical Center.
Shelly, J. A., & Miller, A. B. (2006). Called to care: A Christian worldview for nursing (2nd ed). Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic. PHI-413V-Death and Dying Case Study – End of life decisions – George.