Length: 400 words

Bennett and Royle argue that, far from having a merely “decorative” function, “figuration is fundamental to our world, to our lives” (“Figures and Tropes” 82). Keeping this sentence in mind, explain two (2) tropes/figures of speech in one of the stanzas from the Merchant of Venice below, and relate these lines to larger conceptual ideas of sexual difference or racial difference.

1.       If to do were as easy as to know what were good to do, chapels, had been churches, and poor men’s cottages princes palaces. It is a good divine that follows his own instructions; I can easier teach twenty what were good to be done, than be one of the twenty to follow mine own teaching. The brain may devise laws for the blood, but a hot temper leaps o’er a cold decree—such a hare is madness the youth, to skip o’er the meshes of good counsel the cripple. But this reasoning is not in the fashion to choose me a husband. O me, the word ‘choose’! I may neither choose who I would, nor refuse who I dislike, so is the will of a living daughter curbed by the will of a dead father. Is it not hard […] that I cannot choose, nor refuse none (7)?


2.        I pray you think you question with the Jew. You may as well go stand upon the beach And bid the main flood bate his usual height; You may as well use question with the wolf Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb; You may as well forbid the mountain pines To wag their high tops and to make no noise When they are fretten with the gusts of heaven; You may as well do anything most hard As seek to soften that—than which what’s harder?— His Jewish heart. Therefore I do beseech you Make no more offers, use no farther means, But with all brief and plain conveniency Let me have judgement, and the Jew his will (69).





GOOD (65-74)

VERY GOOD (75-100)

Addressing the set question/topic in a clear and relevant way

Does not adequately address the question or the response is not sufficiently clear/coherent

A reasonable response to the question but only addresses some of the relevant issues

Clear and apt response; demonstrates a good understanding of relevant issues

Very clear and apt response; demonstrates a strong understanding of the issues

Quality of the textual analysis

Does not engage in sufficiently close detail with the set passage/texts

A sound analysis of the set passage and related texts but the close reading could be further developed/more sustained

A detailed and informed analysis of the set passage and related texts in relation to the topic

An in-depth and sophisticated analysis of the set passage in relation to the broader text/s and topic.

Quality of written expression

Does not meet minimum literary standards. ALL ESSAYS IN THIS CATEGORY WILL FAIL

Reasonably well written but some problems with grammar/structure/ clarity; and/or numerous spelling or typographical errors

Well written and structured; few grammatical, spelling or typographical error

Very well written; logically structured; few or no grammatical, spelling or typographical errors

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