English Coursework: Frankenstein Part 1: Introduction Mary Shelley was a famous female novelist who published a novel named, Frankenstein. She was born on the 30th August 1797 and died at the age of 54 on 1 February 1851, her mother Mary Wallstonecraft passed away during birth to Mary Shelley. Mary Wallstonecraft was also an influential feminist who published a book named, Vindication of Rights of Women. After her mother passed away Mary Shelley had adapted with a step-mother, but she grew up with her father, William Godwin, a political philosopher.
William Godwin also provided a full education for his daughter until she became 16 and eloped with a romantic poet named, Percy Bysshe Shelley. Mary Shelley had come up with idea of the novel Frankenstein from a dream, at the time Galvanism also inspired her to create a monster in the novel. Galvanism was the study of electricity combining life and death. This helped her create the horrific monster in the novel. The French Revolution began in 1789, Mary Shelly’s husband supported the revolution. Frankenstein was meant to represent the romantic disappointment that had cropped up amongst the society in France.
The Enlightenment was a major concern during the 18th century. The enlightenment is a term used to describe a time in Western philosophy and cultural life, in which reason was entitled as the primary source and legitimacy for authority. Part 2: Chapter 5 – Setting and Atmosphere In chapter 5 I will explain how Mary Shelly has used tense weather description to create a dramatic atmosphere. For example, in the first paragraph the writer wrote “It was a dreary night of November…” this description of the weather just indicates the type of gloomy darkness upon the night.
I believe that this very effective because at this moment Victor Frankenstein is about to unveil his thoughts of the monstrous creation. Another example is when it says “the rain pattered dismally against the panes, and my candle was nearly burnt out…” This also creates a gothic atmosphere of horror as Victor Frankenstein describes the facility around him. The unusual weather gives a hint on that the creature may have been a mistaken approach of life. I think this because, creating another human is only desired by God, now if a creation of god begins to recreate god’s gift of human life.
Then possibly god must of let off a dismal turn of weather to show his anger at the significance. Mary Shelley uses gothic intense descriptive words to create an atmosphere of horror and gloom in the first part of the chapter, when the monster comes to life. She uses variations of words such as “dreary”, “dismal”, “horrid”, “disgust”, “miserable”, and “wretched” deliberately, and explains horrific images of ugliness and decay. Part 3: Description of the creature’s birth The second paragraph of chapter 5 describes the emotions of Victor and how he is baffled by the creatures output is after all his hard work.
I quote: “How can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe, or how delineate the wrench whom with such infinite pains and care I had endeavoured to form? ” I believe that this description is mainly upon the feelings of all the effort that Victor has put up with creating the wrench, and ended up with a total disappointment. Even though Victor had used beautiful body parts to form his creation, it had become a deformed, inhuman figure. Which led Victor to a halt and disliking the monster? Victor also mentions the physical appearance of the monster.
For example: “…but these luxuriance’s only formed a more horrid contrast with watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same colour as the dun white sockets in which they were set, his shrivelled complexion and straight black lips”. This explains that he couldn’t possibly create a monster with the simplicity of a normal human being, he even also says “shrivelled complexion and straight black lips” Shrivelled complexion is used to describe how the creature skin lacks the figure of a human body.
The skin of the creature is scarcely yellow and stretched over its body’s muscles and arteries. Another example of disappointment is when it says: “I had worked hard for nearly two years…” and “For this I had deprived myself of rest and health” I think that all in all Victor is devastated that his ambition has become a disgrace to mankind. Victor probably thought that it was a waist of health and time. Victor should have led a normal life with a wealthy family and loyalty.
Instead he became obsessed with the thought of galvanism, blanking out the problems he would suffer. Part 4: Explanation of the attractive and unattractive features of the monster Even though in part 3 the monster may have had scarcely yellow skin, he also had a few key feature of attraction. Victor embraces his triumph on the beautiful feature the monster has and calls it a beautiful great god. Victor describes the monsters hair as “…lustrous black…” Lustrous is meant to represent smooth, shiny, airy bulk of natural hair.
Another handsome feature is the pearly white teeth, he explains that the teeth is so white that it is a great accomplishment. The black straight lips must also represent how old and manky the body parts really are. I think that the black straight lips give a hint of gothic appearance which creates a dark satanic theme to Frankenstein’s personality, but that just my opinion. Another example of disappointment is when it says: “I had worked hard for nearly two years…” and “For this I had deprived myself of rest and health”