In this moment, Miami Dade County is reported to have the highest levels of Zika virus cases in the country. As nurses, we witness first hand the important contributions that research lend to nursing. With all your knowledge of the high rate of life-long birth defects that Zika can cause in fetuses, and knowing that research can provide insight into unknown diseases and conditions, should following research procedure and ethics be followed strictly during Zika research projects or is this a circumstance in which researchers should be allowed to bypass legal requirements such as IRB approval, in order to obtain important data that can be translated to clinical practice immediately? If so, why or why not? Should there be special circumstances during which researchers are exempt from having to uphold ethical standards to conduct research? Please use at least 2 key terms, discussed in Chapter 13 (found in the front of the chapter, pg 255) to either support or refute your position.

MODEL ANSWER 

In 2016, outbreaks of locally transmitted Zika virus occurred in PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER , in Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA (1). During these outbreaks, a Centers for Disease Control and PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER  emergency response team was PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER  Miami-Dade County disease surveillance and control efforts. CDC entomologists within the PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER team worked with Miami-Dade County Mosquito Control and sampled mosquito populations PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER  (Biogents AG, Regensburg, Germany) to determine basic entomological parameters. Routinely, mosquitoes were collected, identified to species on the basis of the PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER by Darsie and PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER inactivated and preserved in RNAlater (Ambion Inc., Austin, TX, USA) to the Bronson Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (Kissimmee, FL, USA) for Zika virus testing.

PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER outbreak protocol, 2 BG-Sentinel type-2 traps were placed at a construction site near the PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER Avenue and Lincoln Road PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER  in Miami Beach on September 1, 2016. This site was selected because it was adjacent to a site where Zika cases had been detected. PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER  the mosquitoes captured were PLACE ORDER FOR COMPLETE AND CUSTOMIZED ANSWER

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