In 250-300 words, explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics in contrast to the perspective of postmodern relativism within health care.

Explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics

Based on the required topic study materials, write a reflection about worldview and respond to following:

In 250-300 words, explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics in contrast to the perspective of postmodern relativism within health care.

In 250-300 words, explain what scientism is and describe two of the main arguments against it.

 

More details;

A scientist, my dear friends, is a man who foresees. It is because science provides the means to predict that it is useful, and the scientists are superior to all other men. –Henri de Saint-Simon

Scientism is a rather strange word, but for reasons that we shall see, a useful one. Though this term has been coined rather recently, it is associated with many other “isms” with long and turbulent histories:

materialism, naturalism, reductionism, empiricism, and positivism. Rather than tangle with each of these concepts separately. We’ll begin with a working definition of scientism and proceed from there.

Historian Richard G. Olson defines scientism as “efforts to extend scientific ideas, methods, practices, and attitudes to matters of human social and political concern.”

(1) But this formulation is so broad as to render it virtually useless. Philosopher Tom Sorell offers a more precise definition. “Scientism is a matter of putting too high a value on natural science in comparison with other branches of learning or culture.”

(2) MIT physicist Ian Hutchinson offers a closely related version, but more extreme: “Science, modeled on the natural sciences, is the only source of real knowledge.”

(3) The latter two definitions are far more precise and will better help us evaluate scientism’s merit.

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