Theoretical Foundations of Qualitative and Quantitative Methods

This article covers Theoretical Foundations of Qualitative and Quantitative Methods.

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The theoretical foundations of qualitative and quantitative methods are very different, but many researchers believe both methods should be used in the research study to increase validity and reliability. What advantages or disadvantages do you see in using both types of methods in a nursing study? Support your answer with current evidence-based literature.

Solution

Theoretical Foundations of Qualitative and Quantitative Methods

Every research study utilizes at least one or a combination of different research designs. Design can be qualitative or quantitative. Examples of quantitative design include correlational, descriptive, quasi-experimental, and experimental studies. In these studies, a researcher collects precise, quantitative, numerical data independent of the researcher (Grove, & Gray, 2018). Conversely, qualitative research entails exploratory studies aimed to provide insight into problems and develop an understanding of existent opinions, reasons, and motivations. Nursing research utilizes mixed methods in research activities; integrate one or more qualitative and quantitative approaches for data collection and analysis.

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Qualitative methods present significant depth and detailed data on patient health and general status. Such details include recording feelings, attitudes, and behaviors during diagnosis and treatment; hence, nursing staff are motivated to address and solve patient issues. Mixed methods help understand the contradiction between several study types, enhance the capacity of multidisciplinary teams, and the interaction of qualitative and quantitative research (Wisdom, & Creswell, 2013). Since individual designs produce different results, mixed methods provide more comprehensive and detailed data.

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Theoretical foundations of qualitative and quantitative methods
Theoretical foundations of qualitative and quantitative methods

Nevertheless, mixed methods exhibit some shortcomings in a wide range of applications. It is a complex process to plan and execute mixed-method studies, especially where there are inadequate data collection and analysis mechanisms. Some researchers work in specific fields depending on their area of expertise. Mixed methods require a multidisciplinary team of researchers who are flexible in applying a wide range of research techniques in a research study (Rebar, & Macnee, 2011). Besides, mixed methods are labor-intensive, demand a lot of time and resource input to ensure processes and procedures get facilitated efficiently. When compared to qualitative and quantitative designs, mixed methods are more detailed and thorough, presenting reliable results that can be used in extensive research. From my perspective, results obtained from quantitative studies can validate qualitative data that is collected by interviewing participants. Therefore, mixed methods provide meaning for numerical data and allow the researcher to view research from a qualitative and quantitative perspective.

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References

Grove, S. K., & Gray, J. R. (2018). Understanding Nursing Research E-Book: Building an Evidence-Based Practice. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Rebar, C. R., & Macnee, C. L. (2011). Understanding nursing research. Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health.

Wisdom, J., & Creswell, J. W. (2013). Mixed methods: integrating quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis while studying patient-centered medical home models. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Question

The theoretical foundations of qualitative and quantitative methods are very different, but many researchers believe both methods should be used in the research study to increase validity and reliability. What advantages or disadvantages do you see in using both types of methods in a nursing study? Support your answer with current evidence-based literature.

Related FAQs

1. Should qualitative or quantitative methods be used in a research study?

The Theoretical Foundations of Qualitative and Quantitative Methods Are Very Different, but Many Researchers Believe Both Methods Should Be Used in the Research Study to Increase Validity and Reliability. What – Term Paper

2. What are the theoretical perspectives in qualitative research?

Specific theoretical perspectives, critical theory, postmodernism, critical race theory, queer theory, and feminist theory are explored in the context of their political values and implications for qualitative research. Content may be subject to copyright. theoretical perspectives.

3. What are the different types of quantitative research designs?

There are several quantitative designs developed for conducting research such as descriptive, correlational, quasi-experimental, and experimental studies. Qualitative research is primarily exploratory research

4. What is the relationship between research methodology and theoretical perspective?

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Research cannot be conducted without the conscious or unconscious use of underlying theoretical perspectives. These perspectives inform methodology, guiding theory, questions pursued, and conclusions drawn. The relationship between the philosophy, theory, and methods of different research paradigms is explored in this article.

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