·     
Read the following case studies and then answer the questions that follow.  

·     
To answer questions accurately you may refer to applicable legislation including the National Quality Standard and Education and Care Services National Regulations, along with the Early Childhood Australia Code of Ethics, policies and procedures common to early childhood education and care services, position descriptions detailing an educator’s duty of care responsibilities, and/or other sources such as professional readings along with the course textbook and identified key resources.

·     
Ensure you acknowledge and cite your sources accordingly. This is important whether you use your own words or quote the author’s words. For more information on referencing and plagiarism, refer to the ‘Academic reference guide’ in the Student Handbook.

·     
When referring to workplace policies and procedures or position descriptions please submit with your assessment to support your answer.

 

Case studies

 

Case study 1

Rebecca is a four-year-old child who is about to enrol in the pre-school room. She has a physical condition known as an ‘imperforate anus’. Imperforate anus is when there is no opening at the end of the digestive track where the anus normally is. This condition affects about 1 in every 5000 babies, and is a defect that occurs during the fifth to seventh weeks of fetal development. As a consequence, Rebecca experiences trouble with bowel control and continuously leaks fluid from her anus that can be quite strong smelling.

She has attended the service twice with her parents as part of the service’s orientation process and has spent time in the room with the other children. She has had bowel accidents on both occasions, which has been noticed and commented on by the other children. With one child saying ‘Does the smelly girl have to be in our room?’ This was asked in front of both Rebecca and her parents.

 

Complete the following:

1.   
Identify two strategies you would use with the children to promote understanding and acceptance of Rebecca and her medical condition? 

2.   
Briefly describe three actions educators can take to help Rebecca manage her toileting needs in a way that both promotes her independence and also protects her self-esteem?

3.   
State how the Early Childhood Australia Code of Ethics relate and can be used to guide your interactions with this child?

4.   
Identify the policies and procedures, under the National Quality Framework, an education and care service must have in place that will help guide your actions in this situation.

5.   
Briefly explain how involving Rebecca’s parents in the management of her condition at the service will reduce their anxiety about leaving her in the mornings?

 

Case study 2

A family with two children attending the service send their children each day without a hat on an ongoing basis. The parents have advised the service that they cannot get their children to wear them so cannot see the point in sending one. On most days both children also attend in singlet tops with small spaghetti straps.

Complete the following:

1.   
Write a short script detailing how you would address the issue presented with the family to ensure children are dressed in a way that protects them from the sun, and respects the parent’s views.

2.   
Identify which sections of the Regulations and National Quality Standard could be referred to when explaining your responsibilities to children with regards to sun safety.

3.   
Identify three strategies you could use to encourage the children’s cooperation with the service’s sun safe policy?

 

4.   
Identify four information resources that you could make available to all families at your service regarding sun safety. In your answer, include the full title of each information resource, and/or website including the web address to clearly identify the resources you would direct the parent to. 

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