Scientific Project: Results and Discussion
Learning Objectives:
1) Identify patterns in personal health-related data collected.
2) Evaluate the literature relating to a personal health topic.
3) Compare personal results and trends to those found in the literature.
4) Explain limitations that may have been present during the experiment.
Instructions:
For this section of your scientific project, you are expected to present and discuss your
results using published, scholarly, scientific literature.
Please use the following 3 subheadings to receive full credit:
1) Hypothesis
Restate your hypothesis to clearly identify your independent and dependent variables.
2) Results
You are expected to state your results in paragraph form. Your results must be presented in
complete sentences. You must complete the following to receive full credit:
• At least 1 paragraph regarding the results you found. This should not only present
your data, but also any changes you found (if any) from before the experiment to
after the experiment.
• At least 1 visual representation of your data (graph, chart, figure). This visual
representation should enhance your written word, not replace it. Tables of data (such
as those used in Data Collection 2) will NOT be accepted as visual representation.
3) Discussion
For this part of your project, you are expected to discuss your findings in relation to other
published scientific literature on the topic. Think of this section as a “compare and contrast”
of your work to published scientific literature. You must use scholarly, scientific research
articles published in academic journals. Websites of any kind, blog posts, and other nonacademic
sources are not acceptable. Remember to CITE YOUR SOURCES in proper AMA
format. Be careful of automated citation generators, as they often make mistakes in proper
formatting. Please refer to this website for information on how to format your in-text citations
as well as your reference list: http://guides.lib.uw.edu/c.php?g=99161&p=642281. There
is no length requirement for this section, however a thorough, comprehensive evaluation
and discussion of your findings is expected, and difficult to achieve in less than 1 page. To
receive full credit on this section, your paper must include the following:
• All literature discussed must come from academic journals.
• Information from other sources must be stated in your own words. Using quotation
marks to “give credit” to the author does not demonstrate your understanding of the
material.
• Insightful comparisons should be made between your findings and those of at least 3
other scientific articles.
• Discuss your findings in relation to your hypothesis – did your results reveal what you
had predicted? Why or why not?
• Limitations of your experiment must be discussed (including but not limited to: # of
participants, time frame, confounding variables, difficulty with adherence, etc.)
Dance 3 University of California, Irvine Spring 2018
Updated 180330 2
Rubric:
Mechanical review: In order for the paper to be graded, it must meet the following criteria:
1) The assignment was completed and submitted on time.
Descriptor Superior Good Poor Unacceptable
Points 5 3 1 0 Total
Criterion 1:
Results
Results are presented
clearly, and changes
(or lack thereof) are
thoroughly
demonstrated.
Results are presented,
and changes (or lack
thereof) are generally
demonstrated.
Results are unclear,
and changes (or lack
thereof) are vaguely
demonstrated.
No results are
presented, or results
are very unclear.
Criterion 2:
Visual Aid
Visual representation
of results is included
and clearly
demonstrates findings.
Visual representation
of results is included
and generally
represents findings.
Visual representation
of results is included
and vaguely
represents findings.
No visual
representation of
results is included;
OR table is used.
Criterion 3:
Scientific
Information
All information
discussed comes from
scholarly, scientific
research found in
academic journals.
Some information
discussed comes from
scholarly, scientific
research found in
academic journals.
Most information
discussed comes from
disreputable sources
such as websites and
news articles.
All background
information comes
from disreputable
sources; no scholarly
scientific literature is
referenced.
Criterion 4:
Literature
Understanding
Student demonstrates
a thorough
understanding of the
literature.
Student demonstrates
a general
understanding of the
literature.
Student demonstrates
a vague understanding
of the literature.
Student does not
demonstrate
understanding of the
literature.
Criterion 5:
Literature
Analysis
Analysis and
comparisons to the
literature are thorough
& insightful; at least 3
articles are discussed.
Analysis and
comparisons to the
literature are general;
2 articles are
discussed.
Analysis and
comparisons to the
literature are vague; 1
article is discussed.
There is no analysis,
and comparisons to
the literature are not
presented.
Criterion 6:
Hypothesis
Results are thoroughly
discussed in relation to
the hypothesis stated.
Results are generally
discussed in relation to
the hypothesis stated.
Results are vaguely
discussed in relation to
the hypothesis stated.
Relationship between
results and
hypothesis are not
discussed; OR no
hypothesis is stated.
Criterion 7:
Limitations
Multiple limitations are
discussed and
thoroughly explained.
Some limitations are
discussed and
generally explained.
Few limitations are
discussed and vaguely
explained.
No limitations are
discussed.
Criterion 8:
Citations
AMA citations are used
appropriately
throughout the entire
assignment.
AMA citations are used
appropriately for most
of the assignment.
AMA citations are
used, though not
always appropriately.
AMA citations are not
used.
Criterion 9:
Formatting
Complete sentences
and appropriate
subheadings are used
throughout the
document.
Complete sentences
are used, and some
subheadings are
included in the
document.
Complete sentences
are used, but there are
no subheadings
included.
Results and
discussion are not
written in complete
sentences.
Criterion 10:
Spelling and
Grammar
The assignment is free
from careless surface
errors.
The assignment has
occasional surface
errors.
The assignment has
several surface errors,
but they detract
minimally from the
content.
The assignment has
numerous surface
errors that distract
from the content.
Total Possible: 50

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